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How networks communicate

Elements of a URL

http stands for hypertext transfer protocol
www indicates that it is a World Wide Web Service

Name of the domain
.com is the extension which indicates if it is a business (.com), a non-profit (.org), a government site (.gov) or an educational site (.edu)

/internet/ is a directory of files the webmaster has set up to organize web page files
index.html is the name of the specific file displayed currently.